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EFFECTIVE DATES OF KEY PROVISIONS IN GRAMM-LEACH-BLILEY ACT
The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act became Public Law 106-102 with President Clinton's signature on Nov. 12. Following are the effective dates of key provisions in the law:
Facilitating affiliations among banks, securities firms and insurance companies: Becomes effective 120 days after date of enactment, except for Section 104, which deals with the operation of state law and contains the insurance safe harbor provisions.
Securities and Exchange Commission provisions generally become effective 18 months after date of enactment.
Insurance customer protections are effective immediately.
Prohibition against new unitary savings and loan holding companies becomes effective immediately.
Subtitle A: Rules for the disclosure of institutions' privacy policies must be issued by regulators within six months of the date of enactment. The rules will become effective six months after Subtitle B: Criminal penalties for pretext calling are effective immediately.
Federal Home Loan Bank System modernization is effective immediately unless otherwise provided in specific sections.
Miscellaneous provisions become effective on enactment unless otherwise specifically stated in the particular provision.
FINANCIAL SERVICES MODERNIZATION ACT
Community Reinvestment Act Amendments in the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act
Requires full public disclosure of all CRA agreements.
Requires each bank and each non-bank party to a CRA agreement to make a public report each year on how the money and other resources involved in the agreement were used.
Small Bank Regulatory Relief
Applies to small banks and savings and loans, with no more than $250 million in assets.
Small banks and S&Ls having received an outstanding rating at their most recent CRA exam shall not receive a routine CRA exam more often than once each 5 years.
Small banks and S&Ls having received a satisfactory rating at their most recent CRA exam shall not receive a routine CRA exam more often than once each 4 years.
Preservation of Current Law
Clarifies that nothing in the act repeals any provision of the CRA.
CRA Compliance Check
The Federal Reserve may not permit a company to form a financial holding company if any of its banks or S&Ls did not receive at least a satisfactory rating in its most recent CRA exam.
No bank or financial holding company may commence new activities authorized under the Gramm-Leach Act if any bank, or bank affiliate of a financial holding company, received less than satasfactory rating at its most recent CRA exam.
Federal Reserve Study
Directs the Federal Reserve Board to conduct a study of the default rates, delinquency rates, and profitability of CRA loans.
Directs the Treasury, in consultation with the bank regulators, to study the extent to which adequate services are being provided as intended by the CRA.
TITLE I: FACILITATING AFFILIATION AMONG BANKS, SECURITIES FIRMS, AND INSURANCE COMPANIES
Subtitle A: Affiliations
Amends the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 (BHCA) to permit a financial holding company (FHC) to engage in any activity or to acquire the shares of any company whose activities have been determined by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the Board), after mandatory consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury (Secretary), to be either financial in nature, or incidental or complementary to financial activities without posing a substantial risk to the safety and soundness of depository institutions, or of the financial system generally. Prescribes consultation and coordination guidelines. Permits the Board and the Secretary to authorize financial subsidiaries of banks to engage in merchant banking.
Permits such financial activities upon the condition that all insured bank holding company (BHC) subsidiary depository institutions are well capitalized and well-managed, and upon BHC certification that they meet certain Board standards.
Authorizes the appropriate Federal banking agency to prohibit an FHC or insured depository institution from commencing any new activity, or acquiring control of a company engaged in such activity, if any of its insured depository institution subsidiaries or affiliates failed to receive a satisfactory rating at its most recent examination under the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 (CRA).
Instructs the Board to apply capital and management standards that are comparable to a U.S. counterpart of a foreign bank that operates a branch or agency, or owns or controls a commercial lending company in the United States, giving due regard to the principle of national treatment and equality of competitive opportunity.
Cites circumstances under which certain companies that become BHCs after enactment of this Act are authorized to continue their commodities transactions and affiliations. Sets forth cross-marketing restrictions for FHC-controlled depository institutions. Nullifies a BHC election to become an FHC if its subsidiary insured depository institutions failed to achieve a rating of "satisfactory record of meeting community credit needs" at its most recent examination.
Retains the McCarran-Ferguson Act as the law of the United States.
Proscribes any State laws which impede or restrict insurance sales activities by an insured depository institution. Enumerates permissible State restrictions upon certain insurance sales practices conducted by insured depository institutions. Preserves certain State regulatory oversight over insurance. Preempts certain State affiliation laws governing insurance companies and affiliates.
Prohibits State regulation of the insurance activities of an insured depository institution or its affiliate that in any way discriminates adversely between insured depository institutions and other entities engaged in insurance activities.
Mandates that mutual BHCs be regulated on the same terms as BHCs.
Amends the Riegle-Neal Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act of 1994 to apply to any branch of a bank owned by an out-of-State BHC its prohibition against interstate branching by an out-of-state bank primarily to establish deposit production offices.
Amends the BHCA with regard to: (1) overdraft errors; (2) divestiture requirements; and (3) foreign bank subsidiaries of limited purpose credit card banks.
Directs the Board and the Secretary to study and report to Congress on the feasibility of requiring large insured depository institutions and depository institution holding companies whose failure could have serious adverse effects upon financial stability to maintain some portion of their capital in the form of subordinated debt in order to reduce the risk to any deposit insurance fund, and to minimize financial instability ("too big to fail syndrome").
Instructs the Secretary to study and report to Congress on the extent to which credit is being provided to small businesses and farms as a result of this Act.
Subtitle B: Streamlining Supervision of Financial Holding Companies
Subjects securities and insurance activities conducted by a functionally regulated subsidiary of a bank to the jurisdiction of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and State regulatory authority, respectively.
Declares ineffective and non-enforceable any Board actions requiring an insurance company BHC or a registered securities broker-dealer BHC to provide assets to a subsidiary insured depository institution if either the State insurance authority or the SEC determines in writing that such actions would have a material adverse effect on the BHC's financial condition. Permits the Board to order divestiture of the subsidiary in lieu of other action.
States that BHCA restraints placed upon Board authority over BHCs and their functionally regulated subsidiaries also limit the authority of the Federal banking agencies with respect to those companies and their subsidiaries. Allows the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) to examine the affiliate of any depository institution to disclose fully its relationship with the institution, and the effect of that relationship on the institution.
Prohibits the Board from taking certain statutory action against a functionally regulated BHC subsidiary unless it is necessary to prevent or redress an unsafe or unsound practice or breach of fiduciary duty that poses a material risk to the financial safety, soundness, or stability of either an affiliated depository institution or to the domestic or international payment systems.
Sets forth criteria under which the Comptroller of the Currency, the Board, and the FDIC, are authorized to restrict with prudential safeguards the relationships or transactions between entities and subsidiaries under their respective jurisdictions.
Denies a Federal banking agency examination authority over a registered investment company that is neither a BHC nor a savings and loan holding company. Grants the FDIC examination authority over an insured depository institution affiliate if necessary to determine the condition of the insured depository institution for insurance purposes.
Provides that a declaration filed by a company seeking to be an FHC shall satisfy BHC registration requirements but not any requirement to file an application to acquire a bank.
Revises BHCA divestiture procedures to permit a BHC to elect divestiture of either a nonbanking subsidiary or an insured depository institution.
Amends the FDIA to prohibit the use of the Bank Insurance Fund and the Savings Association Insurance Fund (SAIF) to benefit any shareholder or affiliate (other than an insured depository institution receiving FDIA assistance) (currently only any shareholder) of any insured depository institution: (1) in Federal conservatorship or receivership; (2) in default or in danger of default, or (3) in connection with the provision of certain insurance or other specified assistance.
Amends the BHCA of 1956 to repeal strictures governing activities of BHC subsidiaries in connection with insurance and savings bank life insurance.
Subtitle C: Subsidiaries of National Banks
Prescribes guidelines for mandatory coordination between the Secretary and the Board with respect to any determination of whether an activity is financial in nature or incidental to a financial activity.
Requires a national bank that establishes or maintains a financial subsidiary to have in place: (1) procedures for identifying financial and operational risks within the bank and its subsidiary that adequately protect the bank from such risks; and (2) procedures to preserve the separate corporate identity and limited liability of the bank and its subsidiary.
Amends the Federal Reserve Act (FRA) to set forth: (1) statutory parameters for transactions between national banks and their financial subsidiaries; (2) a rebuttable presumption of control of portfolio companies; and (3) a deadline by which the Board must adopt final rules regarding derivative transactions and intraday credit.
Amends the FDIA to set forth requirements for safety and soundness firewalls applicable to financial subsidiaries of insured State banks that are in compliance with this Act. Permits State banks to retain interests or control in subsidiaries acquired prior to enactment of this Act.
Authorizes the Board and the Secretary to jointly adopt rules permitting financial subsidiaries to engage in certain merchant banking activities five years after enactment of this Act.
Subtitle D: Preservation of FTC Authority
Directs designated Federal banking agencies to make data available to the Attorney General and the FTC that they deem necessary for antitrust review under specified statutes. Prescribes confidentiality guidelines for such data and banking agency information sharing.
Excludes from FTC jurisdiction any nondepository institution subsidiary or affiliate of a bank or savings association.
Amends the Clayton Act to apply its premerger notification and waiting period requirements to any portion of a merger or acquisition transaction that does require notice under BHCA but does not require approval.
Subtitle E: National Treatment
Amends the IBA to authorize the Board to examine any affiliate of a foreign bank conducting business in any State in which the Board deems it necessary to determine and enforce compliance with Federal banking law.
Subtitle F: Direct Activities of Banks
Subtitle G: Effective Date
TITLE II: FUNCTIONAL REGULATION
Subtitle A: Brokers and Dealers
Requires a registered securities association to create a limited qualification category, without a testing requirement, for certain bank employees effecting sales as part of a non-public primary securities offering (private placement sales).
Prohibits the SEC from requiring a bank to register as a broker or dealer because it engages in new hybrid product transactions unless such requirement has been promulgated pursuant to rulemaking procedures in accordance with this Act. Prohibits the SEC from imposing a requirement regarding a new hybrid product unless it determines that such product is a security necessitating such requirement in the public interest and for investor protection. Prescribes procedural guidelines under which the Board may obtain judicial review of any final SEC regulation.
Amends the Exchange Act to include a qualified Canadian government obligation within the definition of: (1) an identified financial product; (2) a swap agreement; (3) a qualified investor; and (4) a government security.
Subtitle B: Bank Investment Company Activities
Declares it unlawful for an affiliate, promoter, or principal underwriter for a registered investment company to lend to such company or its subsidiaries in contravention of SEC requirements.
Revises the definition of "interested person" to identify transactions, services, and loans taking place during the six months preceding determination of an "interested person" which would make a person an affiliated person of a broker or dealer.
Prohibits a registered investment company from having a majority of its board of directors composed of personnel or senior officers of the subsidiaries of any one bank, or of any single BHC, its affiliates, and subsidiaries.
Modifies guidelines pertaining to unlawful misrepresentation of guarantees, and to the deceptive use of names.
Redefines "broker" to exclude any person who would be deemed a broker solely by reason of the fact that such person is an underwriter for one or more investment companies.
Redefines "dealer" to exclude an insurance or an investment company.
Amends the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 to redefine "investment adviser" to remove the exclusion for banks that advise investment companies. Revises the definitions of broker and dealer.
Mandates interagency sharing between a Federal banking agency and the SEC regarding examination results and other information pertaining to the investment advisory activities of a registered BHC and its separately identifiable departments or divisions.
Amends the Securities Act of 1933 and the Exchange Act to exclude from their purview any interest or participation in any common trust fund (or similar fund) that is excluded from the definition of "investment company" under the Investment Company Act of 1940. Amends the Investment Company Act of 1940 to revise such exclusion guidelines for certain bank common trust funds.
Subtitle C: Securities and Exchange Commission Supervision of Investment Bank Holding Companies
Provides for voluntary withdrawal from SEC supervision by specified investment bank holding companies. Sets forth the parameters of SEC supervision of investment bank holding companies.
Mandates SEC deference to regulatory banking agencies and State insurance regulators with respect to the banking and insurance laws under their respective purviews.
Shields the SEC from compulsory disclosure (except to Congress) of certain information furnished by a domestic or foreign regulatory agency regarding the financial or operational condition of: (1) any associated person of a broker or dealer; or (2) any investment bank holding company or its affiliate.
Subtitle D: Banks and Bank Holding Companies
TITLE III: INSURANCE
Subtitle A: State Regulation of Insurance
Prohibits a national bank and its subsidiaries from providing insurance as principal in a State, except for certain authorized products (which may not include title insurance or taxable annuity contracts).
Prohibits national banks and subsidiaries from selling or underwriting title insurance, except for certain grandfathered banks and subsidiaries already doing so. Permits a national bank and its subsidiary to sell title insurance as agent in a State which permits its State banks to do so, subject to the same conditions.
Establishes expedited dispute resolution for regulatory conflicts between State insurance regulators and Federal financial regulators.
Amends the FDIA to direct the Federal banking agencies to issue consumer protection regulations that: (1) prohibit an insured depository institution from conditioning the extension of consumer credit upon insurance product purchases from the institution; (2) require physical segregation of banking activities from insurance product activities; and (3) prohibit discrimination against victims of domestic violence.
Mandates that the Federal banking agencies jointly establish a consumer complaint mechanism to address expeditiously violations of this Act.
Preempts State law restricting: (1) insurance companies or insurance affiliates from becoming an FHC or acquiring control of a depository institution; and (2) the amount of an insurer's assets that can be invested in a bank (except that the insurer's State of domicile may limit such investments to five percent of the insurer's admitted assets). Preempts State laws that restrict reorganization by an insurer from mutual form to stock form.
Declares that it is the intention of Congress that the Federal Reserve Board, as the umbrella supervisor for financial holding companies, and the State insurance regulators, as the functional regulators of companies engaged in insurance activities, coordinate efforts (including confidential sharing of information on financial condition, risk management policies, operations, transactions, and institutional relationship) to supervise companies that control both a depository institution and a company engaged in insurance activities regulated under State law.
Subtitle B: Redomestication of Mutual Insurers
Authorizes a mutual insurer organized under the laws of any State to transfer its domicile to another State pursuant to a reorganization in which such insurer becomes a stock insurer that is a subsidiary of a mutual holding company. Requires prospective redomesticating insurers to comply with specified reorganization requirements of the State insurance regulator of the transferee domicile.
Preempts State laws restricting such redomestication.
Subtitle C: National Association of Registered Agents and Brokers
Establishes the National Association of Registered Agents and Brokers (the Association) as a nonprofit, non-Federal agency to provide a mechanism for uniform licensing, appointment, continuing education, and other insurance producer sales qualification requirements which can be adopted and applied on a multistate basis, while preserving the right of States to regulate insurance producers and insurance-related consumer protection and unfair trade practices.
Subjects the Association to regulation by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners. Requires the Association to establish an office of consumer complaints. Vests management of the Association in a board of directors. Cites circumstances under which Association rules preempt State regulation of insurance producers. Requires the Association to coordinate with the National Association of Securities Dealers in order to mitigate administrative burdens that may result from dual membership.
Subtitle D: Rental Car Agency Insurance Activities
TITLE IV: UNITARY SAVINGS AND LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES
Amends the Home Owners' Loan Act to prohibit new affiliations between savings and loan holding companies and certain commercial firms, except in specified circumstances.
TITLE V: PRIVACY
Subtitle A: Disclosure of Nonpublic Personal Information
Instructs specified regulatory agencies to establish standards for financial institution safeguards that: (1) ensure security and confidentiality of customer records and information; and (2) protect against hazards or unauthorized access to such information.
Conditions financial institution disclosure of customer nonpublic personal information to a nonaffiliated third party upon compliance with consumer notification requirements that include: (1) clear, conspicuous disclosures that such information may be disseminated to third parties; and (2) consumer opportunity to prevent such dissemination.
Prohibits a financial institution from disclosing a consumer's access number or code to a nonaffiliated third party for use in telemarketing, direct mail marketing, or other marketing through electronic mail to the consumer.
Requires selected Federal regulatory agencies to jointly prescribe implementing regulations. Confers enforcement authority upon designated Federal functional regulators, State insurance authorities, and the FTC.
Revamps the Fair Credit Reporting Act enforcement guidelines to require certain Federal banking agencies to jointly prescribe regulations governing dissemination by holding companies and their affiliates of customer nonpublic personal information.
Directs the Secretary of the Treasury, in conjunction with Federal functional regulators and the FTC, to study and report to Congress on information sharing practices among financial institutions and their affiliates.
Subtitle B: Fraudulent Access to Financial Information
Grants the FTC enforcement powers under this Act. Subjects violations of this Act to Federal civil and criminal penalties.
Requires each Federal banking and securities regulatory agency to update guidelines applicable to the financial institutions under their respective jurisdictions to ensure such institutions have controls in place to deter and detect the activities proscribed by this Act.
Requires the Comptroller General to report to Congress on: (1) the efficacy and adequacy of the remedies provided in this Act; and (2) recommendations for additional action to address threats to financial information privacy. Directs the FTC and the Attorney General to report annually to Congress on enforcement actions taken pursuant to this Act.
TITLE VI: FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK SYSTEM MODERNIZATION
Federal Home Loan Bank System Modernization Act of 1999 - Amends the Federal Home Loan Bank Act (FHLBA) to expand Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB) membership parameters to make a Federal savings association's membership in the FHLB system voluntary instead of mandatory
Expands parameters governing long-term advances to: (1) include advances to any community financial institution for small farms, and small agri-businesses; (2) state that FHLB cash and deposits are eligible collateral for securing a bank's interest in a loan or advance; and (3) repeal the 30 percent capital cap on the aggregate amount of outstanding advances that are secured by real estate related collateral. States that, in the case of any community financial institution, the collateral that is eligible for an FHLB loan includes secured loans for small business, agriculture, or securities representing a whole interest in secured loans. Authorizes an FHLB to renew certain advances on its own determination without concurrence by the Federal Housing Finance Board (FHFB). Requires an FHLB member with an advance secured by insufficient eligible collateral to reduce its level of outstanding advances according to a schedule determined by the FHLB (currently, by the FHFB ). Authorizes such Board to: (1) review the collateral standards applicable to each FHLB for designated classes of collateral; and (2) require an increase in such standards for safety and soundness purposes.
Revises eligibility criteria to permit certain community financial institutions to gain FHLB membership regardless of the percentage of total assets represented by residential mortgage loans.
Amends the FHLBA to restructure the management of the FHLB boards of directors pertaining to: (1) residency requirements; (2) staggered terms of office; (3) election of chairpersons; and (4) compensation limitations and expenses.
Repeals the mandates for: (1) a procedure for informal review of certain supervisory decisions; and (2) the Housing Opportunity Hotline program.
Repeals: (1) the prohibition against an FHLB's acquisition of a bank building by purchase or over ten-year lease; (2) the requirement for FHFB approval of personnel decisions as well as the exercise of corporate powers by any FHLB; and (3) the authorization for an FHLB president to be a member of the FHLB board.
Empowers the FHFB to: (1) charge an FHLB or any executive officer or director with violation of law or regulation in connection with the granting of any application or other request by the bank, or any written agreement between the bank and the FHFB; (2) take affirmative action to correct conditions resulting from violations or practices; (3) limit FHLB activities; and (4) address any insufficiencies in capital levels resulting from application of statutory requirements of FHLB membership.
Repeals FHFB jurisdiction to approve the granting by an FHLB of a member's application to secure an advance.
Revises guidelines governing reserves and dividends to permit dividend payments out of previously retained earnings or current net earnings (currently, only out of net earnings). Repeals the requirement for: (1) FHFB approval for such dividend payments; and (2) investment of FHLB reserves exclusively in U.S. obligations or certain other Federal Government-related securities.
States that FHLB payments to the Resolution Funding Corporation to cover interest payments on obligations shall be a specified percentage of net earnings (currently an aggregate sum certain).
Revamps FHLB capital structure parameters to direct: (1) the Finance Board to issue uniform capital standards regulations governing FHLB leverage limitation and risk-based capital requirements; and (2) each FHLB board of directors to submit for FHFB approval a capital structure plan determined to be best suited for the bank's condition and operation as well as for the interests of its shareholders. Prescribes plan contents.
TITLE VII: OTHER PROVISIONS
Subtitle A: ATM Fee Reform
Mandates disclosure at the time the consumer contracts for electronic fund transfer services that fees may be imposed for initiating electronic fund transfers from an electronic terminal which is not operated by the issuer of the consumer's access card.
Requires the Comptroller General to study and report to Congress the feasibility of requiring specified fee disclosures to the consumer before such consumer is irrevocably committed to completing the transaction.
Subtitle B: Community Reinvestment
Amends the CRA to set forth a graduated schedule of decreasing CRA examinations of certain small-sized banks commensurate with their record of meeting CRA "community credit needs". Emphasizes retention of the CRA examination schedule for regulated financial institutions in connection with deposit facility applications.
Directs the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to conduct a comprehensive study of the CRA and report to Congress and the public on CRA default, delinquency, and profitability data.
Instructs the Secretary of the Treasury to study and report to Congress on the extent to which adequate services are being provided as intended by the CRA.
Subtitle C: Other Regulatory Improvements
Mandates a "plain language" requirement for Federal banking agency rules.
Amends Federal law to declare that any depository institution whose charter is converted from that of a Federal savings association to a national or State bank after enactment of this Act may retain "Federal" in its name so long as it remains an insured depository institution.
Program for Investment in Microentrepreneurs Act of 1999 (PRIME Act) - Amends the Reigle Community Development and Regulatory Improvement Act of 1994 to add a new subtitle C, Microenterprise Technical Assistance and Capacity Building Program. Directs the Administrator of the Small Business Administration to establish a microenterprise technical assistance and capacity building program to provide grants to qualified nonprofit organizations for: (1) training and technical assistance to disadvantaged entrepreneurs; (2) training and capacity building services to help microenterprise development organizations and programs develop training and services; and (3) aid in researching and developing the best practices for disadvantaged entrepreneurs. Sets forth an allocation formula for such assistance and for grants benefitting very low-income persons, including those residing on Indian reservations.
Authorizes a qualified organization to provide subgrants to small and emerging microenterprise entities. Mandates matching funds from non-Federal sources.
Amends the FRA to direct the Board to order an annual independent audit of the financial statements of each Federal reserve bank and of the Board.
Authorizes such Board to release confidential supervisory information concerning a State member bank to any Federal or State regulatory counterpart. Amends the Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978 to authorize the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council, the Securities and Exchange Commission, and the Commodities Futures Trading Commission to share information regarding a financial institution.
Instructs the Comptroller General to study and report to Congress on conflict of interest issues confronting the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System in its role as: (1) primary regulator of the banking industry; (2) vendor of services to the banking and financial services industry; and (3) both regulator of the payment system and its participation in such system as a competitor with private entities providing payment services.
Directs the Federal banking agencies to: (1) study and report to Congress on banking regulations governing the delivery of financial services; and (2) submit recommendations on adapting existing requirements to online banking and lending.
Amends the FDIA to cite circumstances under which a Federal banking agency (including an appointed conservator or receiver) is shielded from liability (source of strength doctrine) regarding assets transferred to a depository institution by a controlling shareholder or depository institution holding company (including its affiliates or subsidiaries).
Amends the FDIA to prescribe a statutory formula for maximum interest rates or other charges levied by interstate branches of an insured depository institution.
Amends the IBA to permit a foreign bank to upgrade its interstate branches or agencies to Federal or State status.
Expresses the sense of Congress that individuals offering financial advice and products should offer such services and products in a nondiscriminatory, nongender-specific manner.
Amends the Emergency Steel Loan Guarantee Act of 1999 and the Emergency Oil and Gas Guarantee Loan Program Act to include as alternative members of both the Emergency Steel Loan Guarantee Board and the Emergency Oil and Gas Loan Guarantee Board: (1) a member of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System; and (2) a commissioner of the Securities and Exchange Commission (each designated by the pertinent Chairman).
Amends the Federal Reserve Act to repeal: (1) the Board's power to restrict the percentage of individual bank capital and surplus represented by loans secured by stock or bond collateral; and (2) the Board's duty to establish such restrictions with a view to preventing the undue use of bank loans for the speculative carrying of securities.
Amends the FDIA and the Deposit Insurance Funds Act of 1996 to eliminate the Special Reserve of the SAIF and of the Deposit Insurance Fund, respectively (established to provide emergency funds if the reserve ratio of either fund is below 50 percent of its designated ratio for one year).
Amends the Federal Power Act to cite circumstances under which its proscriptions against interlocking directorates (enacted to address abuses of interlocking directorates) are inapplicable to a person that holds or proposes to hold the positions of an officer or director of: (1) a public utility; and (2) a bank, trust company, banking association, or firm authorized to underwrite or participate in the marketing of securities of a public utility.
Amends the FRA proscription against bank securities transactions with affiliates to permit securities acquisitions approved as sound by a majority of the bank directors, irrespective of the fact that a bank affiliate is a principal underwriter of such securities.
Permits Federal savings associations, with the approval of the Comptroller of the Currency or the appropriate State bank supervisor, to convert into national banks if the resulting bank meets all applicable financial, management, and capital requirements.
Amends Federal criminal law to cite circumstances under which a court may direct disclosure of grand jury information concerning a banking law violation to certain personnel of a Federal or State financial institution.